Santa Clara

Santa Clara

Santa Clara is the capital city of the Cuban Province of Villa Clara. It is located in the most central region of the province and almost in the most central region of the country.

Santa Clara was founded by 175 people on July 15, 1689. The construction of the city was following the Spanish standards, a perfect squared layout with a central plaza (nowadays Parque Vidal).

Soon after the foundation, a theater, a chamber of commerce, meeting clubs, public libraries, and dance halls were erected as well. The position of the city, almost in the very center of the country, made it a perfect halt and a great communication link, east-west, and north-south creating a slow but unstoppable growth. By the 19th century, Santa Clara was bigger and more populated than the rest of the towns around.

Santa Clara is also very important for the Cuban Revolution because of The Santa Clara battle with the leader Ernesto “Che” Guevara when he and his troops derailed an armored train who was coming from Santiago de Cuba to Havana with an army. Nowadays in Santa Clara, they have a Park with some parts of the train and the bulldozer who was used and driven by Ernesto “Che” Guevara during the battle.

According to the revolutionary history of Santa Clara and Ernesto “Che” Guevara, nowadays since 1988, they built the Revolution Square dedicated to Che Guevara and since 1997 the body of Che is bored in the Mausoleum together with his war partners. The history of Che Guevarra can be obtained in this revolution square as well because of the museum which is located in the same place.